Skin cancer is a type of cancer that can be caused by excess exposure to UV rays. Skin cancer often leave scars that can affect muscle movement and of course, the patient’s overall face. Fortunately, there are tons of procedures that can help a skin cancer patient get rid of this. One of those procedures is surgery.
Skin surgery is a primary treatment for those who are suffering from skin cancer. In procedures like this, the cancer cell will be removed along with the surrounding skin. This will ensure that the cancer cell will no longer affect other organs. Below are the different types of surgeries and treatments skin cancer patient should know:
The most common surgery, this procedure is a treatment that requires the removal of cancerous tumor without affecting the healthy parts of the skin. It means that the cancer cells will be removed while it won’t touch those parts that are not affected. This is usually done to patients who have scars in their faces and other visible areas. A doctor named Frederick Mohs developed the treatment in the 1930s and since then, many doctors have relied to the Mohs surgery to treat Skin Cancer Clinic. Patients who experience the following should definitely get Mohs surgery
- The skin cancer is likely to come back or has already returned since your last treatment.
- The cancer cell is located in a part of your body where it’s important to keep as much healthy tissue as possible.
- It’s bigger than normal and grows so fast.
- It has uneven edges.
This procedure aims to bring back the previous aesthetic of the patient before he or she was harmed by the cancer cells.
Curettage and electrodessication
In this procedure, a skin lesion is removed with a curette, a long, thin surgical tool with a small, sharp hoop or scoop on the end for scraping. After the lesion is scraped, the area is treated with an electric current through a needle-like electrode designed to kill remaining cancer cells and reduce bleeding. This is called electrodessication. This process of scraping and electrodessication may be repeated several times. It may require a local anesthetic and may leave a scar.
Lymph node removal
Lymph node surgery is common for cancer patients and is commonly performed on melanoma patients. The doctor will remove specific nodes in your skin that may be cancerous. If there are no cancer cells in your skin then there will be no more surgeries to do.
If the tumor is large or spreading, a larger area of skin may need to be removed. You may need a skin graft or, less commonly, a skin flap to cover the wound. Skin grafts and flaps are layers of skin taken from another part of the body and placed over the area the skin cancer has been removed from.
The side effects of the skin cancer surgery vary based on the type of procedure that you have received. Some non invasive surgeries even have side effects. It also varies in the way patient reacts to certain procedures. Below are the common side effects:
- Scarring or disfigurement
- Swelling or bruising
- Nerve damage or numbness
Potential problems may occur after the surgery or treatment such as numbness around the area where the surgery happened, weakness, itchiness, and a developed raised scar. But you have nothing to worry about if your doctor is an expert and will give you the best advice and treatment.